The vulnerability classification has been performed by using the CVSS scoring system in version 3.1 (CVSS v3.1) (https://www.first.org/cvss/). The CVSS environmental score is specific to the customer’s environment and will impact the overall CVSS score. The environmental score should therefore be individually defined by the customer to accomplish final scoring.
An additional classification has been performed using the CWE classification, a community-developed list of common software security weaknesses. This serves as a common language and as a baseline for weakness identification, mitigation, and prevention efforts. A detailed list of CWE classes can be found at: https://cwe.mitre.org/.
Vulnerability CVE-2022-44725 OPC Foundation Local Discovery Server (LDS) in affected products uses a hard-coded file path to a configuration file. This allows a normal user to create a malicious file that is loaded by LDS (running as a high-privilege user). CVSS v3.1 Base Score 7.8 CVSS Vector CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C CWE CWE-20: Improper Input Validation