Guide to Cybersecurity Audits – Types, Benefits & Best Practices

Ultimate Guide for a Cybersecurity Audit

Jul 25, 2022

10 min read

Ivona Simic

In this article:

The modern cybersecurity landscape continues to evolve, with newer security threats emerging frequently and regulatory requirements changing to address them. As a result, tackling consistent threats is often considered one of the most effort-intensive tasks of an organization. This essentially starts with an organization’s cybersecurity team being tasked with assessing the effectiveness of existing security controls against emerging external and insider threats. To help with this, cyber security audits assess an enterprise system’s security posture, including the levels of security risk, adherence to compliance regulations, and the effectiveness of cybersecurity policies against potential threats.

This article discusses the basics of a comprehensive security audit process, various aspects of an audit plan, audit types, and best practices for continuous auditing.

What is a Cybersecurity Audit?

A cybersecurity audit provides a comprehensive assessment of information systems to evaluate compliance and identify gaps in security policy implementation. The auditing process involves closely examining the firm’s digital assets and security controls to ensure they satisfy compliance standards requirements. Besides offering insights into existing security vulnerabilities, a comprehensive audit also includes mitigation actions to mitigate cyber threats. 

An effective audit plan evaluates five core aspects of security:

Operations – Encompasses the operational framework’s cybersecurity policies, security practices, and controls. Operational security includes providing comprehensive

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