China’s top policymaking body charts plan for science and technology ‘self-sufficiency’

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China’s top policymaking body, the Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission, approved a plan on Wednesday for developing homegrown science and technology with an eye toward helping China achieve “self-sufficiency and self-empowerment in technology.”

According to a summary of Xi’s comments at the meeting released by the state-run Xinhua News Agency, the Chinese leader said that while China has made “substantial progress” in trying to develop its science and technology sector, the country continues to struggle with institutional barriers that have slowed progress. 

The adoption of the new plan — which replaces one from 2015 — is part of a broad, national approach to the development of technology. China is trying to leverage resources from both the public and private sector to build up the nation’s artificial intelligence and quantum computing capabilities.

For decades, China’s science and technology development borrowed from the Soviet model and didn’t focus on market demand or national goals. On Wednesday, Xi called for technology research to become more “target-oriented” and

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